Destination Java

Of all the 17,000 islands that make up Indonesia, Java is king. It may not have the beaches of Bali, the jungles of Kalimantan, or the remoteness of Papua, but it’s the heart of the country.  Java dominates Indonesian social, political and economic life.  With a population of 136 million and home to 60% of Indonesia's population, it is the world's most populous island, and one of the most densely populated regions in the world. The Indonesian capital city Jakarta is in west Java.

 

Formed mostly as the result of volcanic events, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. A chain of volcanic mountains forms an east-west spine along the island.

 

Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east and is divided into four provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, with two special districts, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.

 

The highest volcano in Java is Mount Semeru, (3,676 m), and the most active volcano in is Mount Merapi (2,968 m). Further mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions suitable for wet-rice cultivation; the rice lands of Java are among the richest in the world. Java was the first place where Indonesian coffee was grown, starting in 1699.

 

East Java

East Java offer attractions that range from historical site to beaches, lakes, volcanoes, marine gardens and wildlife reserves. Magnificent mountain scenery includes the craters of Mount Bromo, the "sulfur mountain" of Welirang and rugged line Plateau.

 

Surabaya is the second largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and a major industrial center, business port and the administrative center of the province.  Surabaya is considered as a national industrial province with commodity ranging from coffee, mangoes and apples to fishery and oil industries.

 

Ijen

Central Java

Central Java is the island's cultural, geographic, and historic heartland. Universities, dance schools, pottery, handicrafts, textiles, carving, and the famous Javanese temple Borobudur provide the region its rich culture. Performing arts is still widely practiced, and traditional dance dramas (Wayang Orang) or shadow puppets (Wayang Kulit) performances are easy to find.

 

The major city of Central Java is Yogyakarta, a city protective of its customs but struggling with the influences of modern lifestyles. Yogyakarta continues to balance past and present with relative ease, sustaining a slower and more conservative way of life in the home compounds, only a stone’s throw from the energetic main streets. This region is also home to the most active volcano in Indonesia - Mount Merapi (2,968 m).

 

Borobudur

Jakarta

Jakarta, the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, is bounded to the north by the Java Sea and the south by the low Bogor Hills.  Indonesia's most populous city and the centre of government, commerce and industry, has grown from a mere 900,000 inhabitants in 1945, to well over thirteen million.

 

Finding its origin in the early 16th century harbour town of Sunda Kelapa, Jakarta’s founding is regarded to have taken place on June 21, 1527, when it was re-named Jayakarta - meaning Glorious Victory.

 

The Dutch East India Company, which took the town and destroyed it in 1619, changed its name to Batavia and made it the center of their expansion of  power in the East Indies. Shortly after  the outbreak of World War II, Batavia fell to invading Imperial Japanese forces, and in a gesture aimed at winning the sympathy of the Indonesians, the city was renamed Jakarta.  The name was retained after Indonesia achieved national independence following the end of the war.

 

Monas

 

Jakarta’s architecture reflects to a large extent, the influx of outside influences which came and found a home in this vital seaport. The Taman Fatahillah Restoration Project, begun in the early 1970’s, has restored one of the oldest sections of Jakarta, also known as Old Batavia to approximately its former look. The old Portuguese Church and warehouses have been turned into a museum. The old Supreme Court building is now a museum of fine arts which also houses a Chinese porcelain collection. The old Town Hall has become the Jakarta Museum and displays such items as Indonesia’s old historical documents and Dutch period furniture. Its tower clock was returned to England to be repaired under its lifetime guarantee, a lifetime which up to now has already well exceeded one hundred years.

 

One of the most interesting tourist attractions is the “Beautiful Indonesia Miniature” cultural park popularly called “Taman Mini”. Built to portray the variety of cultures found on the many islands contained in the Republic of Indonesia, this open air museum comprises many architectural forms, artifacts and traditions of all 27 provinces.

Java Tour Packages

Borobudur Temple

6 Days / 5 Nights Yogyakarta to Bali Overland

Upon arrival in Yogyakarta, transfer to your Hotel of choice. Afternoon Yogjakarta City Tour visiting Sultan Palace, Batik Factory and Bird Market.  Balance of the day is free for leisure.

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Monas

8 Days / 7 Nights Java to Bali Overland

Pick up from hotels or airport in Jakarta (Note latest arrival must be at 9 am) then driving to Bandung by way Bogor and Puncak-Pass, en route visiting Bogor Botanical Garden. Check in and overnight at Hotel in Bandung.
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Map

Java Map